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The Importance Of Physical Activity For Preschoolers’ Development

Physical activity for preschoolers is not just about play; it is the foundation of their overall health and development. Children are like sponges in their early years, absorbing experiences that shape their future. In this article, we will explore the significance of physical activity for preschoolers’ well-being and its role in physical and cognitive development. We will also provide practical ways to ensure your little one gets the necessary exercise.

In the vibrant world of preschoolers, every hop, skip, and jump carries more significance than just playful energy. This article looks into the benefits of movement for young children. Beyond the immediate physical advantages, regular activity plays an important role in mental, emotional, and social development. Whether refining motor skills, enhancing brain function, or building self-confidence, movement becomes an integral foundation. It lays the groundwork for a lifetime of wellness and learning. This guide serves as a source for parents and teachers, emphasizing the critical role of physical activity in shaping healthy, and resilient children.

1. The Importance of Physical Activity for Preschoolers

a. Early Habits for Lifelong Health: 

The habits children develop in their early years often carry on into adulthood. Encouraging physical activity from a young age establishes a foundation for a lifetime of health and fitness.

b. Energy Release and Sleep: 

Toddler plays with a balloon in the outdoor- physical activity for preschoolers

Preschoolers have boundless energy. Physical activity helps them use this energy, promoting better sleep and acting more calmly.

c. Social and Emotional Development: 

Active play often involves interacting with peers and teaching preschoolers critical social skills like cooperation, sharing, and problem-solving. These experiences contribute to emotional development.

2. Physical Development through Play

a. Gross Motor Skills: 

Running, jumping, climbing, and playing sports help develop gross motor skills—essential for balance and movement.

b. Fine Motor Skills: 

child playing with clay

Activities like drawing, building with blocks, and threading beads help improve fine motor skills. These skills are critical for tasks such as writing and buttoning clothes.

c. Balance and Coordination: 

Activities challenging balance and coordination, such as riding a tricycle or walking on a balance beam, enhance physical control.

3. Cognitive Benefits of Active Play

a. Brain Development: 

Physical activity stimulates the brain, promoting the growth of neural connections. This helps in mental development, including memory and problem-solving.

b. Problem-Solving Skills: 

Child and mother arranging puzzles

Active play often involves figuring out how to manage game obstacles or rules and honing problem-solving skills.

c. Language and Communication: 

Children expand their vocabulary and communication skills by actively playing and expressing themselves.

4. Practical Tips for Promoting Physical Activity

a. Outdoor Adventures: 

Encourage outdoor play in parks, backyards, or nature trails. Nature offers endless opportunities for exploration and physical activity.

b. Indoor Play: 


Provide indoor play options like building forts, dancing, or yoga on rainy or cold days. Active indoor games can be just as engaging.

c. Family Fitness: 

Engage in physical activities as a family, such as bike rides, hikes, or family dance parties. This reinforces the importance of exercise and develops togetherness.

5. Balancing Screen Time

a. Setting Screen Time Limits: 

Set clear limits on screen time to ensure it does not overshadow physical activity. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends no screen time for children under 18 months. For children aged 2 to 5, they advise one hour of high-quality, educational screen time.

b. Educational and Active Screen Time: 

mother and child looking at a laptop screen

Choose age-appropriate content that encourages movement and interaction.

c. Parental Role Modeling: 

Children learn by example. Limit your screen time and engage in active play with your child, showing them the importance of balance.

6. Safety Considerations

a. Supervision and Age-Appropriate Activities: 

Always supervise active play and choose age-appropriate activities that match your child’s abilities.

b. Proper Attire and Equipment: 

physical activity for preschoolers

Ensure your child wears suitable clothing and protective gear for activities like biking or skating.

c. Sun Safety: 

When playing outdoors, use sunscreen and provide a sun hat to protect your child from harmful UV rays.

7. Creating a Fun and Active Environment

a. Play-Based Learning: 

Include physical activity in learning. Activities like counting while jumping or learning about nature during hikes make learning engaging and active.

b. Encouraging Exploration: 


Encourage your child to explore their environment, whether a new park, a trail, or a backyard. Fresh surroundings can inspire curiosity and physical activity.

c. Celebrating Achievements: 

Celebrate your child’s physical milestones and accomplishments. This positive reinforcement encourages them to continue being active.

For preschoolers, physical activity is more than play; it is an investment in their health and development. By providing opportunities for active play, setting screen time limits, and ensuring safety, you are nurturing healthy habits and an active lifestyle in your kids. As a parent or caregiver, you can encourage your preschoolers to embrace physical activity as a joyful part of their daily routine. This can lead them to a healthy and fulfilling life.

This article is approved by Dr. Mamata Panda, Senior Consultant – Paediatrics, CARE Hospitals.

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