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Creating A Birth Plan: What To Include And How To Share

As you embark on the beautiful journey of parenthood, creating a birth plan is a significant step in preparing for the arrival of your little one. A birth plan is a detailed document that outlines your preferences and choices for labour and delivery. In this article, we will guide you through creating a birth plan, detailing what to include, and how to communicate your wishes with your doctor effectively.

Crafting a birth plan is a roadmap for expecting parents, offering clarity and direction for one of life’s most transformative events. This article guides parents-to-be through the process of outlining their birthing preferences, from pain management options to postpartum care. A well-thought-out plan provides expectant mothers with a sense of empowerment. It facilitates open communication with doctors. This ensures that everyone involved is aligned with the mother’s vision for her birthing experience.

1. The Importance of a Birth Plan

a. Empowering Choice

A birth plan empowers you to make informed decisions about your labour and delivery experience, ensuring that your voice is heard.

b. Enhanced Communication

pregnant woman discussing birth plan

It serves as a tool for communication with your doctors, helping them understand your desires and concerns.

2. Key Elements of a Birth Plan

a. Preferred Birth Environment

Detail your preference for the birthing environment, whether a hospital, birthing centre, or home.

b. Pain Management

Pregnant woman discussing pain relieving methods

Include pain management options, such as epidurals, natural methods, or a combination.

c. Support Team

List the individuals you want to be present during labour, such as your partner, a doula, or family members.

d. Birthing Positions

Express your preferred birthing positions, whether standing, squatting, or lying down.

3. Interventions and Procedures

a. Cesarean Section

Detail your preferences for a cesarean section. Specify who you want to be present and whether you would like immediate skin-to-skin contact with your baby.

b. Induction

Young pregnant woman in the hospital

If you have strong feelings about induction (process to start labor), communicate your wishes, including the reasons and methods you are comfortable with.

4. After preferences

a. Umbilical Cord Clamping

Acoording to the latest guidelines, it is recommended that the umbilical cord clamping timing should be delayed.

b. Skin-to-Skin Contact

Skin-to-Skin with Mom after delivery

Discuss your desire for immediate skin-to-skin contact with your newborn or if you have any preferences regarding your baby’s first feed.

c. Postpartum Care

Outline your preferences for postpartum care, such as rooming-in, newborn care procedures, and circumcision, if applicable.

5. Unexpected Scenarios

a. Flexibility

Acknowledge that birth can be unpredictable, and express your willingness to remain flexible and make decisions in the best interest of your and your baby’s health.

b. Decision-Making

pregnant woman talking to doctor

Indicate whether you would like to be informed and involved in decision-making during unexpected complications.

6. Sharing Your Birth Plan

a. Preparing in Advance

Share your birth plan with your healthcare team well before your due date, allowing time for discussions and adjustments.

b. Printed Copies

couple taking printouts of their birth plan

Bring printed copies of your birth plan to the hospital or birthing centre, ensuring it is readily accessible.

7. Effective Communication

a. Discuss with Your Healthcare Provider

Discuss your birth plan thoroughly with your doctor to ensure that it aligns with their practices and policies.

b. Advocate

couple discussing the birth plan

Designate someone, like your partner or a doula, to advocate for your birth plan during labour and delivery.

8. Be Open to Adjustments

a. The Priority is Safety

Understand that the primary focus is on the safety and well-being of you and your baby. Be open to necessary adjustments if complications arise.

b. Post-Birth Discussion

pregnant woman visiting doctor


After the birth, discuss with your healthcare team the aspects of your plan that you followed and any deviations.

Creating a birth plan is a valuable part of your journey to parenthood. It empowers you to make choices, communicate your preferences, and actively participate in your labour and delivery. By including key elements, clearly expressing your desires, and sharing your plan effectively with your healthcare team, you can enhance your birthing experience. Remember that flexibility and open communication are essential, allowing you to adapt to unexpected scenarios while ensuring your and your baby’s safety and well-being. Ultimately, your birth plan is a roadmap to guide you through one of life’s most incredible and transformative experiences.

This article is approved by Dr. Vibhu Kawatra,  MBBS , DTCD, MD Paediatrics,  Fellowship Allergy & Immunology (Australia), Consultant Paediatrician,  Pulmonologist & Allergy Specialist,  Vibhu Nursing Home. 

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