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Foods To Help Prevent Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhoids

Pregnancy is a beautiful journey, but it can also come with its share of discomforts, including haemorrhoids. Factors like increased pressure on the pelvic region can exacerbate these swollen veins in the rectum and anus. However, including certain foods into your diet can help reduce symptoms and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy-related hemorrhoids.

Preventing pregnancy-related hemorrhoids involves including dietary choices that promote digestive health. These choices help minimize the risk of constipation, a common trigger for haemorrhoids during pregnancy. High-fibre foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts can help regulate bowel movements and soften stools. It also reduces strain during bowel movements and lowers the likelihood of haemorrhoid development. Additionally, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps in maintaining bowel regularity and preventing constipation. Including probiotic-rich foods like yoghurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi can also support gut health and improve digestion, further reducing the risk of haemorrhoids. By prioritizing a balanced diet rich in fibre, fluids, and probiotics, pregnant individuals can minimize the discomfort associated with haemorrhoids and support digestive well-being during pregnancy.

1. Understanding Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhoids

a. What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus that can cause discomfort, itching, pain, and bleeding. During pregnancy, hormonal changes, increased pressure on the pelvic area, and constipation can contribute to the development of haemorrhoids.

b. Prevalence During Pregnancy

Hormone Tests

Pregnancy-related haemorrhoids are common. Studies indicate that up to 50% of pregnant women may experience them at some point during gestation. The growing uterus, hormonal shifts, and changes in bowel habits can all contribute to their occurrence.

2. The Role of Diet in Hemorrhoid Prevention

a. Importance of Diet

A balanced diet rich in fibre, fluids, and nutrients is crucial in maintaining digestive health and preventing constipation, a significant risk factor for haemorrhoids. Including specific foods into your diet can help regulate bowel movements and reduce the likelihood of haemorrhoid formation.

b. Impact of Poor Diet

woman with pelvic pain- Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhoids

A diet lacking fibre and hydration can lead to constipation and straining during bowel movements. This can increase pressure on the rectal veins, exacerbating haemorrhoid symptoms. Conversely, a diet rich in fiber and fluids promotes softer stools and easier bowel movements, reducing strain on the hemorrhoidal veins.

Also read: Foods That Can Help Prevent Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

3. Fiber-Rich Foods to Promote Bowel Regularity

a. Benefits of Fiber

Dietary fiber adds bulk to stool, making it easier to pass and reducing the risk of constipation and straining. Soluble fibre absorbs water and forms a gel-like consistency in the intestines, while insoluble fibre adds bulk to stool and promotes regular bowel movements.

b. Sources of Dietary Fiber

High Fiber Foods.

Include a variety of fibre-rich foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. These foods provide essential nutrients, promote digestive health, and prevent constipation, reducing the risk of haemorrhoids.

4. Hydration and Fluid-Rich Foods

a. Importance of Hydration

Drinking enough water is important for keeping stools soft and avoiding constipation, which is a common cause of hemorrhoids. It also helps keep bowel movements regular and supports good digestion.

b. Hydrating Foods

different berries in bowl- Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhoids

In addition to water, include hydrating foods, such as fruits (e.g., watermelon, oranges, berries), vegetables (e.g., cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoes), and soups. These foods contribute to your daily fluid intake and help keep stools soft and easy to pass.

5. Nutrient-dense foods to Support Hemorrhoid Prevention

a. Vitamins and Minerals

Various nutrient-dense foods provide essential vitamins and minerals that support digestive health and overall well-being. Key nutrients include vitamins C, E, zinc, magnesium, and potassium, which play roles in tissue repair, immune function, and muscle contraction.

b. Incorporating Nutrient-Rich Foods


Include foods such as citrus fruits, leafy greens, nuts, seeds, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products to ensure adequate intake of essential nutrients. These foods support haemorrhoid prevention and contribute to overall health during pregnancy.

6. Anti-Inflammatory Foods to Reduce Hemorrhoid Symptoms

a. Role of Inflammation

Inflammation can exacerbate haemorrhoid symptoms, leading to pain, swelling, and discomfort. Consuming anti-inflammatory foods can help reduce inflammation in the body and reduce hemorrhoid-related discomfort.

b. Anti-Inflammatory Food Choices

fish- Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhoids

Include foods with anti-inflammatory properties, such as fatty fish (e.g., salmon, mackerel), flaxseeds, chia seeds, turmeric, ginger, garlic, berries, and leafy greens. These foods contain compounds that can help reduce inflammation and promote healing.

In conclusion, including foods rich in fibre, fluids, nutrients, and anti-inflammatory properties into your diet can help prevent pregnancy-related haemorrhoids. It can also  reduce associated symptoms. By prioritizing a balanced and wholesome diet, you can support digestive health, promote bowel regularity, and reduce the risk of haemorrhoid formation during pregnancy. Remember to stay hydrated, consume various nutrient-dense foods, and listen to your body’s needs to optimize your pregnancy journey and enhance your overall well-being.

This article is approved by Dr. Deepika Jayaswal, Consultant Dietitian and Nutritionist, Motherhood Hospitals.

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